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Senate Bill Introduced Asking President Biden To Certify Quad Countries With Caatsa Sanctions Not Participating On Security Matters

World Desk, Amar Ujala, Washington

Published by: Surendra Joshi
Updated Mon, 01 Nov 2021 11:48 PM IST

Summary

India is the only country in the Quad which is at risk of sanctions under CAATSA. India has signed an agreement with Russia to buy S-400 surface-to-air missile defense system. According to US law, countries that buy missile defense systems from Russia are banned.

Joe Biden and PM Modi
– Photo : Amar Ujala

A top US senator has proposed a bill in the Senate to keep countries that are facing US sanctions under CAATS out of Quad’s national security discussions. If this proposal is approved, then it will be difficult for India to participate in the meetings of the Quad countries. US sanctions against India for purchasing S-400 missile systems from Russia are under consideration.

Republican Senator Ted Cruz from Texas introduced the bill in the Senate. It asked President Biden to verify that the Quad does not include any countries that have been subject to punitive action under CAATSA. The bill has been endorsed by Senator Todd Young of Indiana and Marshall Roger of Kansas.

In practical terms, the bill would discourage President Biden from invoking punitive provisions of the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) against India. Because if they take punitive measures against India, then their strategy of Quad, a four-strong country organization, will fail. India is the only country in the Quad which is at risk of sanctions under CAATSA.

Cruz introduced the bill to the US Senate on October 28. Its details have not been made public yet. The quad includes India, the US, Japan and Australia. Biden hosted the Quad’s first in-person summit on September 24 at the White House. However, India’s name is not there in the draft of this bill that has been made public so far.

Democratic senator in favor of not banning India
Before Cruz introduced this bill, two powerful US senators have written to President Biden urging him not to impose sanctions on India. At the end of October, Senator Mark Warner of the Democratic Party and John Cornyn of the Republican Party, in a letter to President Biden last Tuesday, urged India to give exemption in the national interest under CAATSA. These senators say that it will be in the national security interest of America.

What is CAATSA
The Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) authorizes the US president to impose sanctions on countries that purchase major defense weapons from Russia, even after Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014 and alleged interference in the 2016 US presidential elections. Huh.

Expansion

A top US senator has proposed a bill in the Senate to keep countries that are facing US sanctions under CAATS out of Quad’s national security discussions. If this proposal is approved, then it will be difficult for India to participate in the meetings of the Quad countries. US sanctions against India for purchasing S-400 missile systems from Russia are under consideration.

Republican Senator Ted Cruz from Texas introduced the bill in the Senate. It asked President Biden to verify that the Quad does not include any countries that have been subject to punitive action under CAATSA. The bill has been endorsed by Senator Todd Young of Indiana and Marshall Roger of Kansas.

In practical terms, the bill would discourage President Biden from invoking punitive provisions of the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) against India. Because if they take punitive measures against India, then their strategy of Quad, a four-strong country organization, will fail. India is the only country in the Quad which is at risk of sanctions under CAATSA.

Cruz introduced the bill to the US Senate on October 28. Its details have not been made public yet. The quad includes India, the US, Japan and Australia. Biden hosted the Quad’s first in-person summit on September 24 at the White House. However, India’s name is not there in the draft of this bill that has been made public so far.

Democratic senator in favor of not banning India

Before Cruz introduced this bill, two powerful US senators have written to President Biden urging him not to impose sanctions on India. At the end of October, Senator Mark Warner of the Democratic Party and John Cornyn of the Republican Party, in a letter to President Biden last Tuesday, urged India to give exemption in the national interest under CAATSA. These senators say that it will be in the national security interest of America.

What is CAATSA

The Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) authorizes the US president to impose sanctions on countries that purchase major defense weapons from Russia, even after Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014 and alleged interference in the 2016 US presidential elections. Huh.

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