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Cse Report India S Crisis: If The Climate Is Saved, Then There Will Be A Crisis On Employment, How Will It Fulfill The Target Of Reducing Carbon Emissions the goal of

Amar Ujala Research Desk, New Delhi.

Published by: Yogesh Sahu
Updated Wed, 03 Nov 2021 06:19 AM IST

Summary

The Central Energy Authority of India has already given this target by 2030. According to them, in 2019, we were generating 134 GW of electricity from non-fossil fuel, which will be increased to 522 GW by 2030.

symbolic picture.
– Photo : Amar Ujala

Under the commitment made by India, reducing carbon emissions by 100 million tonnes means that we will reduce emissions by about 22 percent. Achieving this goal means that Indians will be emitting less carbon by 2030 than the average of citizens of all industrialized countries. According to the Center for Science (CSE), India’s goals are ambitious, yet full of challenges.

Sunita Narayan, founder of the center, says that India already faces the challenge of meeting the needs of millions of its poor citizens, we did not need to make such a commitment. Developed countries should contribute more in this regard. On the other hand, in order to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2070, our energy sector will also have to undergo a major transformation.

500 GW of non-fossil fuel potential by 2030
The Central Energy Authority of India has already given this target by 2030. According to them, in 2019, we were generating 134 GW of electricity from non-fossil fuel, which will be increased to 522 GW by 2030. It will generate 280 GW from solar power and 140 GW from wind power. By 2030 alone, we will need a total of 2,51,800 crore units of electricity, which was 1,37,600 crore units in 2019. For this, a total capacity of 817 GW will have to be achieved.

Such goals will be achieved

  • 50% electricity from renewable energy: In 2019, the country was generating 9.2 per cent of the electricity requirement from renewable energy sources. It has to be brought down to 50 percent by 2030. The country will have to achieve 630 GW capacity of renewable energy.
  • Dependence on coal will decrease: In 2019, 63 per cent of the electricity was generated from coal with a capacity of 228 GW. By 2030, the dependence on coal will drop to 56 percent.
  • 100 million tonnes reduction in carbon emissions: India is emitting 2.88 gigatonnes (100 million tonnes) of carbon dioxide in 2021. If this growth continues, then by 2030 the figure will be 3.48 gigatons. India will reduce it by 1 gigatonne.
  • Per capita carbon emissions 4 times less than Americans: India has also set a per capita carbon emission reduction target of 22%. It could reach 2.98 tonnes by 2030, now it will be brought down to 2.31 tonnes. At the same time, Americans will be emitting 9.42 tonnes, European 4.12 tonnes and Chinese 8.88 tonnes.

Expansion

Under the commitment made by India, reducing carbon emissions by 100 million tonnes means that we will reduce emissions by about 22 percent. Achieving this goal means that Indians will be emitting less carbon by 2030 than the average of citizens of all industrialized countries. According to the Center for Science (CSE), India’s goals are ambitious, yet full of challenges.

Sunita Narayan, founder of the center, says that India already faces the challenge of meeting the needs of millions of its poor citizens, we did not need to make such a commitment. Developed countries should contribute more in this regard. On the other hand, in order to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2070, our energy sector will also have to undergo a major transformation.

500 GW of non-fossil fuel potential by 2030

The Central Energy Authority of India has already given this target by 2030. According to them, in 2019, we were generating 134 GW of electricity from non-fossil fuel, which will be increased to 522 GW by 2030. It will generate 280 GW from solar power and 140 GW from wind power. By 2030 alone, we will need a total of 2,51,800 crore units of electricity, which was 1,37,600 crore units in 2019. For this, a total capacity of 817 GW will have to be achieved.

Such goals will be achieved

  • 50% electricity from renewable energy: In 2019, the country was generating 9.2 per cent of the electricity requirement from renewable energy sources. It has to be brought down to 50 percent by 2030. The country will have to achieve 630 GW capacity of renewable energy.
  • Dependence on coal will decrease: In 2019, 63 per cent of the electricity was generated from coal with a capacity of 228 GW. By 2030, the dependence on coal will drop to 56 percent.
  • 100 million tonnes reduction in carbon emissions: India is emitting 2.88 gigatonnes (100 million tonnes) of carbon dioxide in 2021. If this growth continues, then by 2030 the figure will be 3.48 gigatons. India will reduce it by 1 gigatonne.
  • Per capita carbon emissions 4 times less than Americans: India has also set a per capita carbon emission reduction target of 22%. It could reach 2.98 tonnes by 2030, now it will be brought down to 2.31 tonnes. At the same time, Americans will be emitting 9.42 tonnes, European 4.12 tonnes and Chinese 8.88 tonnes.

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