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Cop 26 Conference On Climate Change How Much Will The Gap Between Developed And Developing Countries Decrease

Summary

In the conference, India will demand all the countries of the world to reduce carbon emissions further, as well as put pressure on the developed countries to contribute $100 billion annually as promised for climate finance and technology to the developing and poor of the world. Give to the countries so that these countries can play their role in preventing climate change without falling behind in the race for development.

Cop 26: Conference on Climate Change
– Photo : Social Media

The distrust between developed and developing countries seems to be deepening ahead of the UN’s COP 26 (Conference of the Parties-26) conference to be held every year to formulate a strategy to tackle climate change on a global scale. The conference, starting from November 1 in Glasgow, UK, will continue till November 12. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will attend it on November 1 and 2.

In the conference, India will demand all the countries of the world to reduce carbon emissions further, as well as put pressure on the developed countries to contribute $100 billion annually as promised for climate finance and technology to the developing and poor of the world. Give to the countries so that these countries can play their role in preventing climate change without falling behind in the race for development. On the other hand, developed countries will pressurize developing countries including India and China to declare ‘net zero’ (the amount of carbon emissions, removed from the atmosphere).

In 2009, at the Copenhagen conference, developed countries decided that developing countries would be given $100 billion every year by the year 2020 to reduce carbon emissions. But according to the OECD report released in September-2021, developing countries received only $79.6 billion in 2019, which is $21 billion less than promised.

According to experts, global temperature rise has to be stopped from going above 1.5 degree Celsius. Right now the global temperature has increased by only 1.1 degrees and the catastrophes have started coming. Rich countries have resources, how will poor countries fight?

top carbon emitting countries

Country CO2 emissions
(BMT)
global partnership
China 9.43 27.8%
America 5.15 15.2%
India 2.48 7.3%
Russia 1.55 4.6%
Japan 1.15 3.4 percent

Source: Forbes List Year-2018

How much emissions does the world need to reduce
According to the Emission Gap Report 2021, the countries of the world have agreed to achieve the target to reduce carbon emissions by 2030, the carbon emissions in the whole world will be reduced by only 7.5 percent, whereas the current situation is that the whole world will have to immediately reduce the carbon emissions by at least 55 percent. There is a need to reduce the percentage of emissions only then global warming can be kept below 1.5 °C.

The rift between America and China increased the challenge
Diplomatic relations between the US and China, the world’s two largest carbon emitting countries, have deteriorated. US Special Envoy John Kerry could not take any climate change promises from China this year. The US and China have set their ‘Net Zero’ at 2050 and 2060 respectively.

Climate finance not business investment: Bhupendra Yadav
Climate finance should not be considered as a business investment, but it is to help developing countries, so that they can achieve their climate goals. Bhupendra Yadav, Union Minister for Climate and Environment

what is net zero
The amount of greenhouse gases that a country emits, the same amount of these gases should be absorbed by trees or technology, that is, the amount of greenhouse gases that were emitted was removed from the atmosphere.

10 countries emitting 60%
According to Climate Watch, only ten countries account for 60% of the total carbon emissions in the world, while 100 countries are emitting less than 3%.

India very low in per capita carbon emissions
India may be at number three in terms of carbon emissions in the world, but it is very low in terms of per capita carbon emissions.

China is the world’s largest emitter of carbon

  • China’s carbon emissions in 2000 were 4.25 gigatonnes and that of the US was 6.45 gigatonnes.
  • In the year 2018, China’s emissions fell to 11.71 gigatonnes while that of the US fell to 5.71 gigatonnes.

Impact of climate change on the whole world

Extreme weather events like heat waves, droughts, floods, cyclones, forest fires increased wildly
In India, the incidence of floods has increased by 8 percent and the incidence of landslides, cloudbursts and hailstorms by 20 times compared to 1970. The annual average of districts affected by drought has increased by 13 times. 75 percent of the districts in India are at the center of extreme climatic events and 80 percent of the country’s population resides in these districts.

India has achieved its carbon emission reduction target of 2020 under the Paris Climate Agreement. According to India’s Forest and Environment Minister Bhupendra Yadav, India has reduced its carbon emissions by 24 percent between 2005 and 2016.

The country is also moving rapidly towards the target by 2030. For this, by 2030, 4,50,000 MW of electricity in the country has to be made from renewable energy. So far 3,89,000 MW has been reached.

India has started generating 1.55 lakh MW of electricity from non-fossil fuels. This will result in a significant reduction in carbon emissions. However, India is not ready for the US pressure of Net Zero as India is dependent on coal for 70% of its energy requirement.

Global cooperation needed: Dalai Lama
In a message to the United Nations Conference on Climate Change (UNCCC/COP26) issued in Glasgow, Buddhist spiritual leader Dalai Lama on Sunday said that there is a need for cooperation at the global level to tackle the challenges of climate change.

The conference, which began on November 1 in Glasgow, will continue till November 12. At the 26th edition of the COP (Conference of Parties) on Climate Change, world leaders are discussing how to accelerate action towards the goals of the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Increased pressure on leaders to reduce emissions soon
Ahead of the climate change summit in Glasgow, activists from climate protection groups have stepped up pressure on leaders for serious and effective decisions to cut emissions. Thousands of activists from dozens of groups have been demonstrating in the Scottish city for days.

What needs to be done immediately to stop climate change?

  • All countries should cut emissions from greenhouse countries. Stop using coal gradually.
  • Promote electric vehicles and increase investment in renewable energy.
  • Achieve zero emission target.
  • Developed countries do not back down from the promise of helping developing countries.
  • With the development of green technology, it should be shared with poor countries.
  • Increase the cover of mangrove forests in forests as well as coastal areas.

Expansion

The distrust between developed and developing countries seems to be deepening ahead of the UN’s COP 26 (Conference of the Parties-26) conference to be held every year to formulate a strategy to tackle climate change on a global scale. The conference, starting from November 1 in Glasgow, UK, will continue till November 12. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will attend it on November 1 and 2.

In the conference, India will demand all the countries of the world to reduce carbon emissions further, as well as put pressure on the developed countries to contribute $100 billion annually as promised for climate finance and technology to the developing and poor of the world. Give to the countries so that these countries can play their role in preventing climate change without falling behind in the race for development. On the other hand, developed countries will pressurize developing countries including India and China to declare ‘net zero’ (the amount of carbon emissions, removed from the atmosphere).

In 2009, at the Copenhagen conference, developed countries decided that developing countries would be given $100 billion every year by the year 2020 to reduce carbon emissions. But according to the OECD report released in September-2021, developing countries received only $79.6 billion in 2019, which is $21 billion less than promised.

According to experts, global temperature rise has to be stopped from going above 1.5 degree Celsius. Right now the global temperature has increased by only 1.1 degrees and the catastrophes have started coming. Rich countries have resources, how will poor countries fight?

top carbon emitting countries

Country CO2 emissions

(BMT)
global partnership
China 9.43 27.8%
America 5.15 15.2%
India 2.48 7.3%
Russia 1.55 4.6%
Japan 1.15 3.4 percent

Source: Forbes List Year-2018

How much emissions does the world need to reduce

According to the Emission Gap Report 2021, the countries of the world have agreed to achieve the target to reduce carbon emissions by 2030, the carbon emissions in the whole world will be reduced by only 7.5 percent, whereas the current situation is that the whole world will have to immediately reduce the carbon emissions by at least 55 percent. There is a need to reduce the percentage of emissions only then global warming can be kept below 1.5 °C.

The rift between America and China increased the challenge

Diplomatic relations between the US and China, the world’s two largest carbon emitting countries, have deteriorated. US Special Envoy John Kerry could not take any climate change promises from China this year. The US and China have set their ‘Net Zero’ at 2050 and 2060 respectively.

Climate finance not business investment: Bhupendra Yadav

Climate finance should not be considered as a business investment, but it is to help developing countries, so that they can achieve their climate goals. Bhupendra Yadav, Union Minister for Climate and Environment

what is net zero

The amount of greenhouse gases that a country emits, the same amount of these gases should be absorbed by trees or technology, that is, the amount of greenhouse gases that were emitted was removed from the atmosphere.

10 countries emitting 60%

According to Climate Watch, only ten countries account for 60% of the total carbon emissions in the world, while 100 countries are emitting less than 3%.

India very low in per capita carbon emissions

India may be at number three in terms of carbon emissions in the world, but it is very low in terms of per capita carbon emissions.

China is the world’s largest emitter of carbon

  • China’s carbon emissions in 2000 were 4.25 gigatonnes and that of the US was 6.45 gigatonnes.
  • In the year 2018, China’s emissions fell to 11.71 gigatonnes while that of the US fell to 5.71 gigatonnes.

Impact of climate change on the whole world

Extreme weather events like heat waves, droughts, floods, cyclones, forest fires increased wildly

In India, the incidence of floods has increased by 8 percent and the incidence of landslides, cloudbursts and hailstorms by 20 times compared to 1970. The annual average of districts affected by drought has increased by 13 times. 75 percent of the districts in India are at the center of extreme climatic events and 80 percent of the country’s population resides in these districts.

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