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Constitution Day 26 November 10 Countries Relationship With Indian Constitution Know Important Facts About Preamble Of Constitution Of India

Constitution Day of India – Photo : Amar Ujala Graphics

The longest written constitution in the world has completed seven decades and is constantly expanding and improving. After independence in 1947, India as a federation of states began to prepare a new constitution of its own. The Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949. This day is known as Constitution Day. At the same time, on 26 January 1950, India implemented its constitution. That day is celebrated as Republic Day in the country.

Under this constitution, prepared 72 years ago, India is an independent sovereign socialist democratic republic with a parliamentary system of government. Where the government, army, administrative and judicial system are governed according to the constitution of the Republic of India. The constitutional head of the central executive is the President. According to Article 79 of the Constitution of India, the Council of the Central Parliament consists of the President and two houses, which are known as the Council of States i.e. Rajya Sabha and the House of the people i.e. Lok Sabha.

Preamble to the Indian Constitution – Photo : Ministry of Earth Sciences

Executive power vested in the Union Council of Ministers

Article 74(1) of the Constitution provides that there shall be a Council of Ministers, headed by the Prime Minister, to aid and advise the President. The President performs his functions in accordance with the advice of the Council of Ministers. Thus the real executive power is vested in the Union Council of Ministers, which is headed by the Prime Minister.

Dr. Ambedkar was the President of the Constituent Assembly

Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was the President of the Constituent Assembly of India. Under his leadership, the members of the Constituent Assembly read the constitutions of different countries and included their main provisions, rules and best governance systems in their constitution. However, since independence, the Indian Constitution has been amended several times from time to time according to the then circumstances and requirements. Let us know about the main provisions and provisions related to the constitution and know which country they are related to …

Adopting the Constitution of India – Photo : social media

United States of America (USA)

In the Indian Constitution, from the Constitution of America, the supremacy of the Constitution, the independence of the judiciary, the elected President and impeachment, the method of removal of the Vice President, Supreme and High Court judges and financial emergency, Fundamental Rights, Judicial Review under Article 360. has been included.

Britain

The Indian parliamentary system is similar to that of Britain. This is because single citizenship, law making process, rule of law, cabinet system, privileges of court, parliamentary privilege and bicameralism have been taken from the British Constitution.

Australia

The language of the preamble of the constitution from Australia, the provision of the Concurrent List, the relation between the center and the state and the division of powers, trade-commerce and joint sitting of both the houses of the Parliament etc. have been added to the Indian Constitution.

Indian Constitution – Photo : Constitution of India

Germany

The provisions regarding rights in the time of emergency in the Indian constitution have been taken from the constitution of the European country Germany. In this, the President has powers to suspend fundamental rights. In times of emergency, the government can amend the fundamental rights. However, the emergency provisions are divided into three parts. These include provisions for national emergency under Article 352, failure of constitutional machinery in states under Article 356 or President’s rule and financial emergency under Article 360.

Soviet Union

The provisions of Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution, the Fundamental Duties and the ideal of social, economic and political justice have been taken from the Constitution of the erstwhile Soviet Union i.e. Russia. The Indian Constitution balances the rights and duties of the citizens.

Constitution – Photo : file photo

Japan

The Indian Constitution has adopted the procedure established by law from Japan. The Indian Constitution adopts a healthy amalgamation of parliamentary sovereignty and judicial supremacy. Procedure established by law is the process in which a bill, after it is passed by Parliament and signed by the President, shall then come into force, whether that law is just or not. However, under Article 21, the judiciary has the primacy to legally challenge the procedure established by law on many matters.

South Africa

Provisions related to the procedure for amendment of the Indian Constitution, the system of election of members in the Rajya Sabha, etc. have been taken from the Constitution of South Africa. The term of a Rajya Sabha member is six years. The MLAs elected in the various state legislatures vote for the election of Rajya Sabha members from their state.

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