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Average Temperature Of Chandigarh Rises By 1.78 Degrees

Summary

The administration has taken the first step towards promoting pollution free e-vehicles in the city. Now only e-rickshaws and e-autos are being registered by the State Transport Authority (STA) and permits are being given to carry passengers. LPG and CNG autos are no longer being given new permits. Along with this, there is a plan to gradually replace around 6000 CNC-LPG autos running in the city with e-rickshaws and e-autos.

The population of Chandigarh, inhabited by five lakh people, is estimated to exceed 20 lakh by 2030. Every day around 200 vehicles are being registered in the city. The effect of increasing vehicles has been that in the last seven decades, the average minimum temperature of the city has increased by 1.78 degrees, while the maximum temperature has increased by 0.63 degrees Celsius, which is an alarm bell for the city.

In the year 1951, the population of Chandigarh was only 24,261. In the last six decades (1951 to 2011), the population of Chandigarh has increased 44 times to more than one million. According to the estimates of the administration, at present this figure has reached 1.4 million. The urban heat island effect (UHIE) is causing the city’s temperature to rise steadily due to rapid urbanization and increasing traffic. The extreme winter season has shifted from November and December to January.

Not only this, the pattern of monsoon has also changed. This is also one of the reasons for the varying rainfall conditions in different parts of the city. Increasing population is also a reason for the rise in temperature. According to the Indian Meteorological Department, the average minimum temperature of the city has increased by 1.78 degrees Celsius, while the maximum temperature has increased by 0.63 degrees Celsius in the last seven decades.

Even a slight rise in temperature can affect people in different ways, which is a matter of great concern. In addition to the increase in population and the number of vehicles, greenhouse gas emissions have increased over the decades.

Two vehicles per family
Chandigarh was originally designed for five lakh vehicles but between January 1, 2000 and October 21, 2021, more than six and a half lakh new vehicles have hit the roads. This number is very high for a small city like Chandigarh. Alam is that the number of vehicles per family in the city is two.

The increase in the number of petrol and diesel vehicles has led to a decrease in the air quality and an increase in the air temperature which is affecting the health of the people. The increasing population puts pressure on the city’s infrastructure, including roads, electricity, water, sanitation, education, transport and housing.

Recently, in the two-day conference of Chandigarh Administration and UNDP at Hotel Mount View, Advisor to Administrator, Dharampal had discussed many challenges and sought some suggestions from the people. He asked what should be our policy towards the ever increasing private vehicles on the roads? Should we register only electric vehicles in Chandigarh. He also mentioned carbon neutral and asked whether Chandigarh can become carbon neutral by 2030 as it is of utmost importance to reduce the effects of climate change on the environment.

Expansion

The population of Chandigarh, inhabited by five lakh people, is estimated to exceed 20 lakh by 2030. Every day around 200 vehicles are being registered in the city. The effect of increasing vehicles has been that in the last seven decades, the average minimum temperature of the city has increased by 1.78 degrees, while the maximum temperature has increased by 0.63 degrees Celsius, which is an alarm bell for the city.

In the year 1951, the population of Chandigarh was only 24,261. In the last six decades (1951 to 2011), the population of Chandigarh has increased 44 times to more than one million. According to the estimates of the administration, at present this figure has reached 1.4 million. The urban heat island effect (UHIE) is causing the city’s temperature to rise steadily due to rapid urbanization and increasing traffic. The extreme winter season has shifted from November and December to January.

Not only this, the pattern of monsoon has also changed. This is also one of the reasons for the varying rainfall conditions in different parts of the city. Increasing population is also a reason for the rise in temperature. According to the Indian Meteorological Department, the average minimum temperature of the city has increased by 1.78 degrees Celsius, while the maximum temperature has increased by 0.63 degrees Celsius in the last seven decades.

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